AEM Granite Custom Render Conditions

Adobe Experience Manager | AEM/CQ | Apache Sling

AEM Granite Custom Render Conditions

Granite render conditions can be used to determine whether a component should be rendered or not. From the Render Condition documentation, a "typical example would be to render a submit button based on whether the current user has a privilege to create or modify a resource." Render conditions can be used to help guide the author by dynamically customizing forms based on known information.

Download the sample project on GitHub at https://github.com/nateyolles/aem-granite-rendercondition-demo which includes various examples of utilizing the built-in render conditions as well as examples on how to create your own custom render conditions, how to pass in data to those render conditions and how to evaluate Expression Language with your custom render conditions.

Screenshot of an AEM admin form using Granite render conditions
There are many examples of render conditions throughout AEM and an easy way to start exploring is to query for the most basic render conditions from within CRXDE Lite using something like  /jcr:root//*[@sling:resourceType='granite/ui/components/foundation/renderconditions/simple']. You can find the standard render conditions such as  simpleandornot and  privilege under  /libs/granite/ui/components/foundation/renderconditions. There are a few custom render conditions under  /libs/cq/gui/components/projects/admin/renderconditions which you can explore, as well as  /libs/cq/gui/components/renderconditions/islocked/libs/wcm/msm/components/touch-ui/renderconditions/isblueprint and  /libs/wcm/msm/components/touch-ui/renderconditions/islivecopy. There is another great example of a custom render condition in the  ACS AEM Commons project which displays components based on the current path.

To utilize this server-side display logic, simply create a node under your Granite widget named granite:rendercondition, set the sling:resourceType to the render condition component such as granite/ui/components/foundation/renderconditions/simple and populate the required properties such as expression. For example, the following textfield will only render when the query string parameter biz equals baz.



Granite render conditions take advantage of JSP Expression Language or EL for short. As such, you have access to param, paramValues, header, headerValues, cookie, requestPathInfo, state and tenant. You also have access to a powerful, yet simple and straight-forward syntax to evaluate logic in Expression Language. Furthermore, Granite provides extra convenience with a few provided EL Functions. For example:



See the Granite UI Documentation on Expression Language for more information regarding available variables and functions. Note that EL expressions can be used outside of render conditions as well. For example, you'll find them granite/ui/components/foundation/hyperlink components to pass data forward, such as:



The simple render conditions are quick and readily available for most basic expressions. However, if you need custom logic, you can write your own render condition. A render condition is simply a JSP component. Within your custom logic you will get the granite:rendercondition resource, retrieve its relevant properties via the resource's Config and set a true or false  SimpleRenderCondition as a request attribute. To evaluate EL expressions, use the ExpressionHelper by way of the ExpressionResolver service, which is powered by the Apache Commons EL interpreter. The combination of a custom render condition and EL expressions is very powerful.



The custom render condition is used the same way the default render conditions are utilized, simply update the sling:resourceType to the path of your custom render condition component and populate your defined resource properties.



When you download the sample project at https://github.com/nateyolles/aem-granite-rendercondition-demo, you'll notice that the most straight-forward condition is the simple render condition and that you can combine conditions by nesting and, or and not conditions. This snippet from the demo project reveals a variety of ways to dynamically render Touch UI components including cookies, headers, query string parameters, selectors, suffixes, JCR privileges and custom render conditions.



You'll notice in the provided sample project that I created a custom Touch UI admin page to help demonstrate the various ways of using the Expression Language to interact with the URL. (If you're interested in how to do that, see Chris Millar's post on How to create an AEM 6.2 Admin Console for Touch UI.) Take note that render conditions work with any Granite widget, however, in specific scenarios, certain challenges exist when trying to use render conditions with component dialogs in your typical Touch UI editing of pages. Remember that an AJAX call is made to open the dialog and the EL expressions are evaluated on that AJAX request, not the request for the page which is in fact /editor.html. Therefore, the path, suffix, selectors and query string parameters are independent of what you see in your browser's address bar when using a normal component dialog in the editor.

2 comments

-- | February 22, 2017 at 04:29 AM | Reply

Comment removed by author.

Srinivas G | September 20, 2017 at 10:11 AM | Reply

Hello Nate Yolles, We are facing a problem with the render conditions for a custom granite screen we developed for our project. The problem is with the ${requestPathInfo.suffix}. It's not using the current path but using a path from the cache. for example, if the path which we are accessing the screen is '/content/a/b/c/d', then when we are invoking the granite screen, the ${requestPathInfo.suffix} is returning '/content/a' or '/content/a/d/e' which we accessed before. Will you be able to help us? Thanks in advance. Srinivas

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